According to the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA), there are 44 recognized cat breeds in the world today, one of which is the Siamese. The Siamese cat stands out amongst other breeds for their elegant look, loud meow, talkativeness and shocking intelligence.
This article aims at getting you well informed about the Siamese. We hope you have fun reading our ultimate Siamese cat guide, and learn all there’s to know about this incredibly amazing breed of cats.
The name Siamese stands for moon diamond in the ancient Thai language. These felines are thought to have descended from an ancient cat that had its dwelling in Siam temples. Siamese cats are amongst some of the oldest cat breeds in the world and have lived with mankind for countless centuries.
Siamese cats first appeared in Thailand. In fact, their name is known to have been gotten from Thailand’s former name Siam. These breed of cats only left the shores of Thailand and were brought to the west in the 1800s.
Records state that the first Siamese cats to land in the United States were gifts presented to the wife of President Rutherford Hayes by the Bangkok consulate in the year 1873. In the UK, Siamese cats are also recorded to have entered the British Empire in 1884 through Sir Edward Owen Gould, the British Consul-General stationed at Bangkok. He gave his sister a breeding pair he had gotten from the Thai royal family.
Don’t know what a Siamese looks like? Here are its physical features.
These breed of cats are easily recognizable for such features as their blue eyes, large pointy ears, triangular-shaped face and slender body. They’ve got long necks, long legs and a long tail to match.
A Siamese’s shiny fur is short and lays very close to its skin. The fur on a Siamese’s body isn’t made up of just one color as other cats. While the fur on the face, ear, feet, and tail bear a dark color, the fur on the rest of its body have a lighter color. On some Siamese, the fur on their face isn’t all dark in color. In these cats, the fur covering the midsection of their face, nose and around the eyes is darker unlike the fur on other parts of the face.
When a Siamese cat is born, she is usually white all over, but 10 days after birth, their color points begin to develop. Before they are 5 months old, the point color around their face, legs and tail becomes visible though not fully dark. As they get older, the point areas of their fur turn darker.
The most popular and recognized coloration is:
The seal points have a light yellowish body with dark brown/black points.
This coloration cat tends to have a light gray body with steely gray points.
Chocolate point kitty cats sport a light cream body with lighter brown points.
These are cats with a white body and diluted chocolate points.
This is not to say there are no other colorations. In fact, according to a recent study, Siamese felines can come in over 32 different color points.
Unlike other breeds of cat, Siamese never gets past medium size. Siamese cats are able to grow up to 12 – 15 inches in height.
A healthy adult male weighs 9 – 14 pounds, females, on the other hand, weigh around 6 – 10 pounds.
Siamese cats are usually friendly, people oriented and fun-loving creatures. Once they form a bond with you, they’ll never let you out of their sight. It’s normal to see this breed follow her human parent around the house. These are sociable cats as they have no problem living with children, other cats and even dogs if they are socialized from a young age.
Whatever you do, never leave this breed alone for too long. These type of kitty cats are most suited for households where someone is always present at home. In the case where you live alone, you can always hire a pet sitter or ask a friend to care and keep your feline friend company while you’re away.
Cats of this breed are energetic and highly intelligent by nature. They can be trained to walk on a leash and do other amazing tricks as fetching and opening cabinets. It is important that owners provide her with enough stimulation and plenty of fun toys, as a bored Siamese can be very troublesome.
This might sound strange to you, but Siamese cats are great conversationalists. If you ever feel bored, you can strike up a conversation with one and have them talk back to you in their amplified cat voice.
Siamese cats are vulnerable to more health problems than other breeds of cat. This is because they have a purebred ancestry (Pedigree cats). To keep a Siamese safe and healthy, her owners should be up and doing in their duty of taking her for regular medical checkups. Health problems that are likely to face a Siamese are;
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Amongst all cat breeds, Siamese cats are at the most danger of this illness as a result of their small gene pool. When this illness strikes, it causes blindness in a Siamese.
Every cat breed is prone to cancer, but there’s a kind of cancer only Siamese cat breeds suffer. When buying a cat of this breed, it is important to make sure no cats in its history have been victims of this sort of cancer.
Mouth and Gum Disease
This is one of the two most common illnesses in Siamese cats. The more reason why Siamese owners should care a lot for their feline’s dental health.
Congenital Heart Defects
Siamese cats are prone to developing such chronic heart disease as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. When this happens, it’s hard to get the problem fixed.
Other health problems to be on the watch for include: Asthma/bronchial disease, coughing and pica.
Some Siamese breed live an average life span of 11 – 15 years, while others get to live an average of 15 – 20 years. With the right nutrition and a healthy lifestyle, Siamese cat owners can help their feline live a long life.
Caring For A Siamese
Just as every other breed of cats, a Siamese should be treated with utmost care. The short and shiny coat of a Siamese should be brushed; their ears and nostrils should also be checked and cleaned frequently with the aid of a damp cloth. This breed doesn’t like being in water so bathing a Siamese is strenuous. But this shouldn’t discourage you from getting one.
One vital area that shouldn’t be overlooked is her dental health. Do best to take her for regular dental checkups and get her used to undergoing oral health care at home.
In addition to the aforementioned, a cat’s health can be maintained by doing the following:
Feeding Her A Proper Diet
Providing a Siamese with a nutritionally balanced diet is of great necessity if she’s to stay healthy. When feeding a Siamese, consider giving her a diet rich in high-quality animal protein and fat. These cats love having homemade turkey, chicken, salmon, cod and hake, so don’t deprive them of these sumptuous meals. Whatever you do, ensure your Siamese gets to be fed a meal high in Taurine.
Providing Her Enough Water To Drink
Siamese cats are agile and full of energy. They can be seen running about the house or climbing things. With all these activities they get themselves involved in, it is only normal that they thirst a lot. Cats should have easy access to fresh water at all times of the day. Water is also needed to maintain their kidney health.
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